What is Asthma ?

Asthma is a respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing. It usually results from an allergic reaction or other form of hypersensitivity. A chronic lung disease, the airways narrow and start to swell (inflammation) causing difficulty in breathing. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.

Asthma affects people in varying degrees. For some, the symptoms are minor; for others, they may be life-threatening. Asthma is a problem when it is out of control and interferes with daily activities.

Asthma cannot be cured but it can be controlled. Patients with asthma can have their symptoms controlled with medication. In some patients, the symptoms change over time – it is important that your signs and symptoms are monitored closely, so that your doctor can adjust the dosage of your medication if necessary. Review NAEP’s What is Asthma leaflet and the Control your Asthma leaflet.

Fast Facts

Asthma Triggers

It is not clear why some people develop asthma and others don’t. It could be as a result of both environmental factors and family history.

Asthma can be triggered by a person being exposed to substances with cause allergies. These substances (triggers) may affect certain individuals and not others.

Asthma triggers may also include physical activity, preservatives added to food, weather conditions, other health conditions, or certain medications.

Have a read further on Allergy and Asthma and Risk Factors for Asthma

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